Nigeria Spent N3.75trn On Petrol Importation in H1’22 – CBN

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…Amid persisting queues at petrol stations.  

The Nigerian Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has revealed that the country spent a total of $8.71billion on the importation of petroleum products in the first six months of this year.

In its just released ‘Economic Report’ for the second quarter of 2022, the apex bank said the cost of importing petroleum products increased by 6.9% to $4.50 billion in Q2’22 from $4.21 billion in the preceding quarter “to bridge the persisting supply gap in the economy.”

This means that the total cost of importing petroleum products in H1’ 2022 amounted to $8.71billion (about N3.75trillion). The report blamed Nigeria’s inability to revamp its four refineries, with a combined capacity of 445,000 barrels per day (bpd).

According to the report , even when external shocks, such as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on February 24, leads to a significant increase in oil prices, Nigeria is unable to fully benefit from the situation as it spends huge amounts on imported petroleum products annually.

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In its Q2’22 Economic Report, the CBN stated that though further commodity improvement resulted in export earnings rising by 11.5% to $19.30 billion in the second quarter of 2022, compared with $17.30 billion in the preceding period, and with crude oil and gas exports (which accounted for 88.4% of total exports), increasing by 11.1% to $17.06 billion, compared with $15.36 billion in the preceding quarter, petroleum products imports also increased, during the period, to $4.50 billion from $4.21 billion in the previous quarter.

It would be recalled that at the International Monetary Fund(IMF) /World Bank Annual Meetings in Washington DC, last year, CBN Governor, Mr. Godwin Emefiele, disclosed that Nigeria spends almost 40% of its scarce foreign earnings on the importation of petroleum products and petrochemicals, thereby putting pressure on the naira exchange rate.

Emefiele has however, expressed optimism that once the Refinery and Petrochemical Plant commences operations, the country would be in a position to be able to save the huge amount of the FX it spends on the importation of petroleum products as well as petrochemicals and that the apex bank would in a better position to float the naira.

Also Read: Declining Oil Output Derailing CBN Interventionist Programs – Emefiele

“By the time it [ Refinery] begins production latest July next year, it is going to be a major source to save FOREX for Nigeria. Right now, the overall FOREX we spend on imported items, the importation of petroleum products consumes close to 30%.

“By the time you add diesel, aviation fuel, petrol and the rest of that which makes up the 30%, the Refinery has the capacity to produce 650,000 barrels per day. There is a domestic component that is about 455,000 barrels. Even if the 455,000 is what is sold to Dangote in naira alone, it is going to be a major FOREX savings.”

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