Global Oil Prices Swing After Sharp Decline on Demand Concerns

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…Amid rising interest rates and a strong dollar

Global oil prices fluctuated yesterday after a sharp decline from the previous day due to growing fears of a slump in crude demand, triggered by lockdowns in China to contain rising Covid-19 infections.
This is amid rising interest rates and a strong dollar. In its short term report outlook report, the US Energy Information Administration raised its projections for global oil demand in its latest short-term outlook report.

Brent, the benchmark for two thirds of the world’s oil, which fell more than 5% on Wednesday, was trading 1.05% higher at $88.92 a at 5.02pm UAE time.
West Texas Intermediate, the gauge that tracks US crude, which slid about 6% on Wednesday, was up 1.37%, at $83.06 a barrel.

The National said oil recovered some lost territory in early trading yesterday against a backdrop of rising geopolitical risks and Russian President Vladimir Putin warning that his country would not supply energy to countries that back a proposed price cap by the West.

Also Read: Nigeria Still Unable To Benefit From High Global Oil Prices

Lockdowns across China is affecting over 65 million people across dozens of cities and monetary tightening by central banks of developed economies are also weighing on energy markets.
That led the market to give up earlier gains after the US Energy Information Administration issued its short-term outlook report, in which it raised its projections for global oil demand.

In the report, global oil demand growth will rise by an average of 2.1 million barrels per day throughout 2022 and by an average of 2 million bpd in 2023, the said.
It estimates that 99.4 million bpd of petroleum and liquid fuels were consumed globally in August 2022, up 1.6 million bpd from August 2021.

“As a result of high natural gas prices globally, we increased our forecast for oil consumption in the fourth quarter of 2022 and the first quarter of 2023 as electricity providers, particularly in Europe, may switch to oil-based generating fuels,” the said.

“The possibility of petroleum supply disruptions and slower-than-expected crude oil production growth continues to create the potential for higher oil prices, while the possibility of slower-than-forecast economic growth creates the potential for lower prices.”

Also Read: Oil Prices Yield To Global Recession Fears

It expects Brent to average $98 a in the fourth quarter of 2022 and $97 a barrel in 2023. US crude oil production is projected to average 11.8 million bpd in 2022 and 12.6 million bpd in 2023, which would set an annual record for American crude production. The current record is 12.3 million bpd, which was set in 2019.

In another report, Emirates NBD economists described the sell-off in oil on Wednesday as “disorderly” and said market moves were “exaggerated”, given the scale of news and data flow.
“The scale of moves will likely be making OPEC+ officials anxious and prompt more intervention to support markets,” the Emirates NBD economists said. The 23-member alliance of OPEC+ agreed on Monday to cut its October output by 100,000 bpd, reverting to August production levels.

The move was largely in response to a slowing global economy, demand headwinds and a potential Iran nuclear deal that could bring more crude to the market.
“Given the volatility in the market, coupled with ample uncertainty, OPEC+ has not ruled out further action — either at an emergency meeting or when they next meet on October 5,” said Ehsan Khoman, head of emerging markets research at MUFG Bank.

Also Read: Oil Prices React to Possible OPEC+ Production Cut Today

“What is clear is that whether dubbed an OPEC+ price floor, the return of the OPEC+ put or a line in the sand, recent rhetoric from OPEC+ ministers highlighting of the disconnect between oil’s financial and physical markets may force it to continue to act.”

Last month, the International Energy forecast higher oil demand growth this year as Europe switches to oil to generate power, shunning natural gas, which is becoming pricier.
The Paris-based expects global oil demand growth to jump 380,000 bpd to 2.1 million bpd this year. The US dollar, in which oil is priced, also hit a record high on Wednesday against major currencies, amplifying inflationary pressures and putting more pressure on the euro, sterling, yen and yuan.

The European Central Bank raised interest rates by a record 75 basis points on Thursday in a bid to tame surging inflation.

Also Read: Oil Prices Edge Higher As Russia Cuts Gas Supply to Europe

And the US Federal Reserve could make a third consecutive 75-basis-point interest rate when it meets on September 21 as inflation is running beyond its rate at a 40-year high.
“With central banks jacking up rates to quell inflation, are increasingly apprehensive of the quantum of recession that may transpire in the months ahead,” Mr Khoman said.


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