Europe’s biggest economy, Germany, has seen the share of Russian gas in its gas mix drop to some 20% this year from 55% last year, per data from energy lobby group BDEW cited by Bloomberg on Tuesday.
Russia started gradually cutting gas supply via the Nord Stream pipeline to Germany in June until shutting down the pipeline in early September, claiming an inability to repair gas turbines for the pumping stations due to Western sanctions.
Germany, for its part, started looking at importing LNG and began construction of regasification terminals to be able to welcome cargoes. The first such terminal, a floating LNG import terminal, officially opened last week at Wilhelmshaven on Germany’s North Sea coast.
Other LNG terminals are also planned in Germany, which was rather reluctant to commit to LNG import facilities before the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
After the war started, Germany, the Netherlands, Finland, and countries in southern Europe hastened to bring forward or dust off plans to build floating LNG terminals to have enough regasification capacity to replace the lost volumes of Russian pipeline gas.
Germany also signed a deal with Qatar and ConocoPhillips last month, under which Qatar will provide liquefied natural gas to Germany for at least 15 years beginning in 2026. Per two sale and purchase agreements between ConocoPhillips and QatarEnergy, up to 2 million tons per annum (MTPA) of LNG from Qatar will be delivered to Germany by a wholly-owned subsidiary of ConocoPhillips, which will purchase the quantities and deliver them to the Brunsbüttel LNG import terminal in northern Germany.
Despite the fast construction of LNG import facilities, Germany needs to save gas if it wants to go through this winter without extraordinary measures such as rationing, the network regulator Bundesnetzagentur and other authorities have warned for months. Germany may have to take drastic measures such as gas rationing if levels of gas in storage drop below 40% by February 1 next year, according to the regulator, which will enact such measures if necessary.
German households and businesses have been urged to turn down their heating in order to conserve more gas as winter is coming while gas flows from Russia are cut.