Since the discovery of crude oil in Oloibiri, Nigeria’s present Bayelsa State in 1956 and its s subsequent elevation as the main staple of the nation’s economy, there have been myriads of agitations in the region bothering on resource control, derivations, environmental degradations, unemployment, just to mention few.
Several pundits have identified the wide gap between the people in the Niger Delta and government as the major crux of the agitation in the region, causing the people to wallow in abject poverty, abandonment and dilapidation in all spheres of human endeavours though it is the hen that lays the golden egg for the nation.
However, past government had taken some moves to assuage the suffering of the people and this led to the establishment of the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) by the administration of Chief Olusegun Obasanjo in 2000, yet, the agitation in the region gets worse till late President, Musa Yar’Adua, initiated the Amnesty Programme in 2009.
Similarly, the present government in Nigeria led by President Muhammadu Buhari has taken some bold steps towards addressing the many challenges of the region which include efforts towards infrastructural development, ending gas flaring, implementation of Petroleum Industry Act (2021).
Worthy of note that the NDDC had deviated from its core mandate before the administration of President Buhari. As said by many public observers, it was an ATM machine for some politicians, who used it as conduit pipes to siphon public funds and self-aggrandizement. This further worsened the agitations in the region.
Other moves to assuage the ever exacerbating agitations in the region include: addressing environmental pollution/oil spillage, implementation of forensic audit report recommendation, new regional master plan, and poverty alleviation programs, responsible for peace in the region.
There was the completion and commissioning of Special Protection Unit (SPU) Base 6 in Rivers State and NDDC Headquarters 22 years after successive governments abandoned it despite huge budgets for the project annually.
An important feature of the reform is accommodation for officers and students. The President directed that the building of barracks for men and women of the Police Force should be done in collaboration with the social housing efforts of the Family Home Fund.
Sources in the commission said the reforms would enhance speedy execution of the projects in all the barracks and completion of a 1050 bed hostel in University of Uyo, and a 132 KVA Substation Power Project located in Ilaje Local Government Area of Ondo State.
Also, they disclosed that the 2×150MVA, 330/132KV, 2 X 60MVA, 132/33KV substations and associated lines in Ikot Ekpene, alongside the 2x 30MVA, 132/33KV substation in Ekparakwa and 132KV, DC line from Ikot Abasi to Ekparakwa, are expected to be completed this year.
Currently, the Nigerian government through the ministry of Niger Delta has introduced a lot of reforms, prominent among which are the Forensic Audit, New Regional Master Plan, and the recently enacted Petroleum Industry Act, with 3% hostcom, which are geared towards reshaping all spheres of activities in the region.
In a desperate search for solutions at home and beyond borders, a three-day international Partnership Peace Forum took place in Paris, the capital of France, promising a viable speed to “Building excellence for the future of Nigeria’s Niger Delta reforms, result and the road ahead.”
At the forum, the stakeholders reviewed 80 projects designed to improve peace across the globe and ensure more harmonious living like reforming capitalism for more impact on the global economy, responding to the urgency of climate change, fake news; and the challenge it poses on journalism and cyber security.
With “Beyond the Pandemic” as theme, minister on the Niger Delta, Senator Godswill Akpabio, at the international forum, spoke on how to “build excellence in terms of infrastructure to attract investors, ensure reform, get result and take a look at the future of the region.”
Specifically, the minister marketed the region to the outer world and how a lot of thing can change for the better if the region is touched in terms of investment and funding by government, disclosing frantic efforts to create a deep sea port and urged investors to buy into the plans to develop the region and nation at large.
“Above all in the economy, we look at the sea shores, area in the Niger Delta today outside the part that have been developed in Port Harcourt, in Bonny, in Warri and in few other areas. We have places we are marking for deep sea port and you have about 16 to 18 metres of draft without dredging, so if you are able to invest in it, you can have a major deep sea port that would perform as a shipment port for the whole of West Africa and even some part of Sao Tome Principe, Equatorial Guinea and all that.
“And of course, plans are on the way, we have gone very far. When I served as a governor, we brought in experts and they went in and did a lot of work and then we know how those things can be sited and we know that, yes indeed, if you invest your money there, you will never lose and just to say why did we make a journey here?”
The minister reiterated that “It is for us to re-establish the bond between the colonial masters and the African countries, and particularly to bring the French and the English together. We believe that no company that came from Europe or America that has invested in Nigeria in the last 60 years regretted.
“Companies that have been to Nigeria have all had returns on investment, so we are here in Paris to invite you to come in and you will make a quicker return on your investments in all the areas.
“And what will be most interesting in the Niger Delta region is that we want to add a lesser value chain to what we have as products outside the agric area, the oil and gas, the gas is enormous and we are sitting on gas in the entire Niger Delta.”
Senator Akpabio also reiterated the fact that the Niger Delta should be the first place to visit in Nigeria and invest. He disclosed that most governors in the region are building their own independent power plants to augment that of the federal government, which is making frantic moves to revamp existing ones across the nation; expatiating on how he built one when he was a state governor.
He did not only assure the foreign investors of great yields on their investments in the region but also gave them guarantee on their investments as the federal government is making concerted efforts to tackle the insecurity in the area.